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ARABIA SAUDITA

QATAR

BAHRAIN

IRAN

OMAN

IRAQ

KUWAIT

TURKMENISTAN

AFGHANISTAN

PAKISTAN

EMIRATI ARABI

Teheran

_41

REDISCOVERING

ANCIENT PERSIA

AGRICULTURE AND BREEDING

Why is Iran such a talking point and howmuch is agriculture worth in Iran?

Iran, with a population of almost 80 million people is the second largest economy of the Middle East after Saudi Arabia.

The dropping of sanctions against Iran at the beginning of this year (embargo) is leading the country progressively back

towards free trade and investment, with the World Bank forecasting economic growth at +5.8% in 2016 and +6.7% in 2017.

In line with the agrarian reform begun in Iran in the 1950s, 800,000

hectares of terrain were distributed to farmers. Since then 30% of the

population still lives off agriculture, carried out on very fertile ground

of which only 10% is cultivated with crops of pistachios, cereal, barley,

potatoes, rice, millet, cotton, tobacco, sugar beet and sugar cane.

Production varieties also include tomatoes, tea, dates, olives, citrus

fruit and oil seeds. In addition to agriculture there is widespread cattle

breeding in pastureland and sheep and goat breeding in more arid

areas. Horses, camels, buffalo and poultry are also bred and reared.

Furthermore the Iranians obtain top quality caviar from the eggs of the

sturgeon, caught in the Caspian Sea. Breeding is an important resource

for both industry and the food sector, for textiles and for hides, which

are considered the best on the international market because of the

type of subcutaneous fat they present.

With a cultivatable surface area of around 30 million hectares,

agriculture makes up 10% of Iranian GDP and employees a third of

the workforce. The wonderful climate and fertile land, along with

With the end of the embargo, an interesting road of collaboration lies ahead of Antonio Carraro with Iran, a

country geared towards specialised agriculture that represents, amongst the so called emerging nations, the

one with greatest chance of development thanks to the morphology of its terrain and the desire of its people for

modernisation.

the skills of a population linked to the tradition of agriculture, lead

Iranian products to be ranked amongst the best in the world. Iran is

the biggest producer of spices, seeds and berries amongst which are

saffron, pistachios, berberis and fruits of the forest.

IRAN <

AC WORLD FOCUS